Description. Rhodiola Rosea. ☘Common names. Golden root, Arctic root, Rose root, Roseroot, Aaron's root, King's crown, Lignum rhodium, Orpin rose, Rosenwurz, Burnirót. ☘ Rhodiola rosea is a valuable medicinal plant, not inferior to ginseng. The plant belongs to the class of adaptogens, increases the body's resistance to adverse factors.